Analysis of the Essence of the Concepts of “Competence” and “Competency” in the System of Psychological and Pedagogical Categories
Keywords:Innovativeness of education, self-development of personality, ability to find a practical way out, self-improvement of a teacher, advanced training
The importance of the topic of the article is that nowadays there is a need to update methods and techniques of teaching in the educational process, the use of innovations in student teaching, because it is not important how much knowledge a student receives, but how one can use them in practice. The purpose of the article is the need to study and justify the importance of studying the essence of the concepts of “the competence” and “the competency” in the system of psychological and pedagogical categories. The article gives a theoretical justification for the concepts of “competence” and “competency” of the teacher in the pedagogical context; the similarity and difference of the concepts “the competence” and “the competency” in the system of psychological and pedagogical categories are investigated; the concept of professional competency and its categorical essence as a set of professional knowledge, skills, abilities necessary for both teachers and students in the XXI century is given. Nowadays, the purpose of school education is determined by the entirety of knowledge, skills and abilities that a student shouldacquire. In the XXI century, such a perspective is insufficient for society, because professional educational institutions, industry, families do not need weisenheimers, but graduates who are ready tointegrate in the real life, who have the ability to quickly and easily approach life and professional problems, which appear before them, so that getting into a problem situation, they could find several ways to solve it, to choose a practical way, justifying one’s decision.
Alekhina, N. V. (2015). Diskursivno-tsennostnaya kompetentsiya kak pedagogicheskiy fenomen [Discourse-valuable competence as a pedagogical phenomenon]. Nauchnoe obozrenie. Pedagogicheskie nauki, 1, 41-42. https://s.science-education.ru/pdf/2014/2/80.pdf
Chapman, О. (2008). Self-study in mathematics teacher education. University of Calgary.
Ermolovich, M. M. (2017). Kompetentnostnyiy podhod: istoricheskiy aspekt stanovleniya v vyisshem obrazovanii [Competence-based approach: the historical aspect of formation in higher education]. In Regionalnaya fizicheskaya geografiya v novom stoletii [Regional physical geography in the new century] (p. 126–131). BGU.
Fedorova, E, Metelev, S. E., Solovyov, A. A., Shlyakova, E. V. (2012). Kompetentnostnyiy podhod v obrazovatelnom protsesse [Competence-based approach in the educational process]. Omsk.
Garvis, S. A (2012). Self-study in Teacher education: learning to teach in higher education after teaching the arts to young children. US-China Education Review B, 3, 298-304. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED532898.pdf
Gerasymova, I., Maksymchuk, B., Bilozerova, M., Chernetska, Yu., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2019). Forming professional mobility in future agricultural specialists: the sociohistorical context. Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 11(4), 345-361. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/195
Gibbons, М. (2002). The self-directed learning handbook: Challenging adolescent students to Excel. Jossey-Bass A Wiley Imprint.
Gurevych, R. S., Shakhina, I. Y., & Podzygun, O. A. (2020). Google classroom as an effective tool of smart learning and monitoring of students’ knowledge in vocational schools. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 79(5), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.33407/itlt.v79i5.3651
Hiemstra, R. (1994). Self-directed learning. In T. Husen & T. N. Postlethwaite (Eds.), The International Encyclopedia of Education (pp. 254-263). Pergamon Press.
Kosholap, A., Maksymchuk, B., Branitska, T., Martynets, L., Boichenko, A., Stoliarenko, O., Matsuk, L., Surovov, O., Stoliarenko, O., & Maksymchuk, I. (2021). Neuropsychological Bases of Self-Improvement of Own Physical Health of Future Teachers in the Course of University Education. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 12(3), 171-190. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/12.3/226
Maksymchuk, B., Gurevych, R., Matviichuk, T., Surovov, O., Stepanchenko, N., Opushko, N., Sitovskyi, A., Kosynskyi, E., Bogdanyuk, A., Vakoliuk, A., Solovyov, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2020a). Training Future Teachers to Organize School Sport. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(4), 310-327. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/12.4/347
Maksymchuk, B., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., Davydenko, H., Soichuk, R., Khurtenko, O., Groshovenko, O., Stepanchenko, N., Andriychuk, Y., Grygorenko, T., Duka, T., Pidlypniak, I., Gurevych, R., Kuzmenko, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2020b). Developing Healthcare Competency in Future Teachers. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(3), 24-43. https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/12.3/307
Moradi, Н. (2018). Self-directed learning in language teaching-learning processes. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 8(6), 59-64. https://mjltm.org/article-1-122-en.pdf
Ovcharuk, V., Maksymchuk, B., Ovcharuk, V., Khomenko, O., Khomenko, S., Yevtushenko, Y., Rybalko, P., Pustovit, H., Myronenko, N., Syvokhop, Y., Sheian, M., Matviichuk, T., Solovyov, V., & Maksymchuk, I. (2021). Forming Competency in Health Promotion in Technical Specialists Using Physical Education. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 13(3). https://doi.org/10.18662/rrem/13.3/437
Raven, J. (2002). Kompetentnost v sovremennom obshchestve. Vyyavlenie, razvitie i realizaciya [Competency in Contemporary Society: Its Identification, Development and Release]. Kogito-Tsentr.
Samaras, А. (2006). Self-Study of Teaching Practices. In College of Education and Human Development (p. 12-14). Peter Lang. http://mason.gmu.edu/~asamaras/docs/CEHD_mag_Bookmarks.pdf
Shaalan, I. E. N. A. W. (2019). Remodeling teachers’ and students’ roles in self-directed learning environments: The case of Saudi context. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(3), 549-556. https://www.academypublication.com/issues2/jltr/vol10/03/19.pdf
Shaalan, W. (2019). Remodeling Teachers' and Students' Roles in Self-directed Learning Environments: The Case of Saudi Context. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(3), 549-556. https://www.academypublication.com/issues2/jltr/vol10/03/19.pdf
Shahina, I. Y. (2017). Organization of educational process using electronic educational-methodical complexes for preparation computer technologies specialists. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 58(2), 141–154. https://doi.org/10.33407/itlt.v58i2.1568
Shiryaeva, V. A. (2003). Problemyi i perspektivyi realizatsii kompetentnostnogo podhoda v obrazovanii [Problems and prospects for the implementation of the competence-based approach in education]. https://www.sgu.ru/sites/default/files/textdocsfiles/2013/07/15/shiriaeva.pdf
Simen-Severskaya, O. V. (2018). Pedagogicheskaya kompetentnost i professionalizm uchitelya [Pedagogical competence and professionalism of the teacher]. Fsio. https://fsio.npu.edu.ua/file/26.pdf
Sydorchuk, N. H. (2015). Porivnialnyi analiz poniat «kompetentsiia» ta “kompetentnist” yak skladnykh psykholoho-pedahohichnykh fenomeniv [Comparative analysis of the concepts of “competence” and “competency” as complex psychological and pedagogical phenomena]. In Problemy osvity: zbirnyk naukovykh prats [Problems of education: a collection of scientific works] (pp. 78-81). Vinnytsia-Kyiv.
Thornton, К. (2010). Supporting self-directed learning: A framework for teachers. Language Education in Asia, 1(1), 158-170. http://dx.doi.org/10.5746/LEiA/10/V1/A14/Thornton
Towle, А., & Cottrell, D. (1996). Self-directed learning. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 74, 357-359. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1511490/pdf/archdisch00614-0087.pdf
Volikova, M. M. (2019). Sutnist poniat “kompetentsiia” ta “kompetentnist” v naukovomu dyskursi [The essence of the concepts of “competence” and “competency” in scientific discourse]. In Research Discoure (pp. 37-43). https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3667121
Wagner, S. (2011). After the final bell: The self-directed learning practices of elementary teachers [Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation]. University of Tennessee.
Yudakova, S. V. (2010). Professionalno-pedagogicheskoe samoobrazovanie [Professional and pedagogical self-education]. VGGU.
Zhurat, Y., Lipshyts, L., Soter, M., Chumak, L., Tarasenko, H., Valchuk-Orkusha, Iryna O., Melnyk, I. (2020). Developing Professional Subjectivity in Future Primary School Teachers in the Context of a Neuropedagogical Approach. Brain. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 11(2Sup.1) 64-81. https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/11.2Sup1/95
Zimnyaya, I. A. (2004). Klyuchevyye kompetentnosti kak rezultativno-tselevaya osnova kompetentnostnogo podkhoda v obrazovanii [Key competencies as an effective-target basis of a competence-based approach in education]. Research Centre for the Problems of the Quality of Training of Specialists. http://fgosvo.ru/uploadfiles/npo/20120325214132.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs