Job Satisfaction and Professional Burnout of Preschool Teachers
Keywords:job satisfaction, workaholism, professional burnout, coping strategies, perfectionism
This paper aims to determine the relationship features between preschool educators' job satisfaction and professional burnout. The research sample included 90 persons (average age 25.5, the sample is homogeneous). Following techniques were used as research instruments: “Diagnostics of communicative social competence” (N.P. Fetiskin, V.V. Kozlov, G.M. Manuilov), “Coping strategies inventory” by R. Lazarus, “Maslach Burnout Inventory Education Survey”, “Workaholism” Inventory (E.P. Ilyin), "The Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale” (P.L. Hewitt, G.L. Flett), “Job Satisfaction Survey”, “Evaluation of Personality's Satisfaction with Work”. Descriptive, Spearman's Rank correlation analysis, One-way analysis of variance were applied.
Job satisfaction and its components have a large number of correlations with professional burnout. There are main negative correlations between professional burnout and job satisfaction, interest in work, relationship satisfaction, achievement satisfaction, professional responsibility, other-oriented professionalism, and specific characteristics of communicative and social competence. The main positive correlations can be seen between burnout and independence, propensity for antisocial behavior, confrontational coping, distancing coping, seeking social support. Low values on the scales of emotional burnout, reduction of professional achievements, the inclination for antisocial behavior, and high levels of self-centered perfectionism and amiability are peculiar features of preschool teachers with job satisfaction. The empirical data analysis indicated an inverse relationship between the professional burnout of preschool teachers and their job satisfaction. Based on the data analysis, we can state that one's passion for work is an agent that can counteract professional burnout, and thus it cannot be seen just as its' opposite.
Adderholt, E. М. (1987) Perfectionism: What is bad about being too good? Free Spirit.
Alderfer, С. Р. (1972). Existence, Relatedness and Growth: Human Needs in Organizational Settings. The Free Press.
Aseev, V. G. (1984). Experience in constructing an objectified satisfaction scale. Sociological Research, 1, 123-127.
Bakker, A. B., Schaufeli, W. B., Demerouti, E., & Euwema, M. C. (2007). An organisational and social psychological perspective on burnout and work engagement. In M. Hewstone, H. A. W. Schut, J. B. F. De Wit, K. Van Den Bos, & M. S. Stroebe (Eds.), The scope of social psychology: Theory and applications (pp. 227–250). Psychology Press.
Batarshev, A.V., Alekseeva, I. Yu., & Mayorova, E. V. (2007). Diagnostics of profes-sionally important qualities. Piter.
Blanchflower, D. G., & Oswald, A. J. (2004). Well-being over time in Britain and the USA. Journal of Public Economics, 88, 1359-1386. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0047-2727(02)00168-8
Blauner, R. (1964). Alienation and Freedom: the Factory Worker and His Industry. University of Chicago Press.
Bojko, V. V. (1996). The energy of emotions in communication: a look at yourself and others. Informats publish House “Filin”.
Bussing, A. (2002). Motivation and satisfaction. Human resource management. Piter.
Clark, A. E. (2001). What Really Matters In a Job? Hedonic Measurement Using Quit Data. Labour Economics, 8(2), 223-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0927-5371(01)00031-8
Dormann, C., & Zapf, D. (2001). Job satisfaction: A meta-analysis of stabilities. Journal of organizational behavior, 22(5), 483–504.
Drucker, P. (1974). Management Tasks, Responsibilities, Practices. Harper & Row.
Durakova, I. B. (2008). Upravlinnia personalom: pidbir i naim [Personnel Management: selection and hiring]. Publisher of Voronezh State University.
Fetiskin, N.P., Kozlov, V.V., & Manuylov, G.M. (Eds.), (2002). Diagnostics of communicative social competence (KSC). In N. P. Fetiskin, V. V.Kozlov, & G. M. Manuylov (Eds.), Socio-psychological Diagnosis of Personality Development and small groups. Publishing house of the Institute of Psychotherapy.
Flett, G. L., & Hewitt, P. L. (Eds.), (2002). Perfectionism. Theory, Research and Treatment. American Psychological Association.
Frey, B. S., & Stutzer, А. (2002). What Can Economiсs Learn from Happiness Research? Journal of Economic Literature, 40(2), 402-425. https://doi.org/10.1257/002205102320161320
Fried, Y., & Ferris, G. R. (1987). The validity of the Job Characteristics Model: A review and meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 40(2), 287–322. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.1987.tb00605.x
Gann, M. L. (1979). The role of personality factors and job characteristics in burnout: A study of social service workers [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. University of California at Berkeley.
Garden, A-M. (1995). The purpose of burnout: A Jungian interpretation. In R. Crandall & P. L. Perrewé (Eds.), Occupational stress: A handbook (pp. 207–222). Taylor & Francis.
Gaziyeva, M. Z. (2018). Modern approaches to the study of stress and stress resistance. The World of Science, Culture, Education, 3(70), 348-350. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sovremennye-podhody-k-probleme-issledovaniya-stressa-i-stressoustoychivosti/viewer
Goldstein, K. (1952). The effect of brain damage on the personality. Psychiatry: Journal for the Study of Interpersonal Processes, 15, 245–260.
Gracheva, I. I. (2006). Adaptation of the methodology “Multidimensional scale of perfectionism” by P. Hewitt and G. Flett. Psychological Journal, 6(27), 73-81.
Griffiths, A.J., Cox, T., & Auty, A. (1998). Work stress: a brief guide for line managers. Loss Prevention Council, Borehamwood, UK.
Grunfeld, E., Whelan, T. J., Zitzelsberger, L., Willan, A. R., Montesanto, B., & Evans, W. K. (2000). Cancer care workers in Ontario: prevalence of burnout, job stress and job satisfaction. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 25, 163(2), 166-169.
Gubareva, Yu..V. (2010). Job satisfaction as one of the factors of staff turnover. Problems of extreme and crisis psychology, 7, 113-121.
Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 16(2), 250–279. https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-5073(76)90016-7
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B., & Snyderman, B. (1957). The Motivation to Work. John Wiley.
Ilyasov, F. N. (1988). Job satisfaction (structure analysis, measurement, connection with production behavior). Ylim Science.
Ilyasov, F. N. (2013). Methodology of the resource approach to the analysis of labor motives and attitudes. Public opinion monitoring: economic and social changes, 5, 13-25.
Ilyin, E. P. (2011). Work and personality. Workaholism, perfectionism, laziness. Piter
Jewell, L. N. (1985) Contemporary industrial/organizational psychology. West Pub. Co.
Kaliski, B.S. (2007). Encyclopedia of Business and Finance (Second edition). Thompson Gale.
Kaverzina, A., & Finogenko, E. (2016). Interrelation of nursery teachers’ emotional state and job satisfaction. Youth Bulletin IRGTU, 3, 1-17. https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26943728
Kim, H. J. (2016). Why are perfectionists more satisfied with their jobs? Adaptive aspect of perfectionism and the role of calling. [Conference presentation]. 31st International Congress of Psychology. Yokohama, Japan.
Koltunovych, T. A. (2016). Psychological conditions of professional burnouts’ correction with preschool teachers at child educational institutions [Unpublished Doctoral dissertation]. National University The Names Of Vasily Stefanik
Korzheva, E. M., & Naumova, N. F. (1989). A short dictionary of sociology. Politizdat.
Kryukova, T. L., & Kuftyak, E. V. (2007). Questionnaire of coping methods (adaptation of WCQ method). Journal of Practical Psychology, 3, 93-112.
Lazarus, R. S. (1991). The concept of coping. In A. Monat & R. S. Lazarus (Eds.), Stress and coping: an anthology. Columbia University Press.
Leiter, M. P., & Maslach, C. (2009). Burnout and workplace injuries: a longitudinal analysis. In A. M. Rossi, J. C. Quick, & P. L. Perrewé (Eds.), Stress and Quality of Working Life: The Positive and the Negative (pp. 3–18). IAP.
Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 1297-1343). Rand McNally.
Loza, O. O. (2009) Psychological analysis of the phenomenon of perfectionism: approaches to definition. Problems of general and pedagogical psychology, ІХ, 6. GNOSIS.
Maistrenko, V. I. (2010). The relationship between emotional burnout and the degree of satisfaction of professional needs of teachers. Psychological science and education, 15(1), 21–30. https://psyjournals.ru/en/psyedu/2010/n1/Maistrenko.shtml
Maslach, C., & Leiter, M. L. (1997). The truth about burnout: How organization cause personal stress and what to do about it. Jossey-Bass.
Maslach, C., Jackson, S.E., & Schwab, R.L. (1996). Maslach Burnout Inventory – Educators Survey (mbi-es). In C. Maslach, S.E. Jackson, & M.P. Leiter (eds.), MBI Study (3d ed). Consulting Psychologists Press.
Maslow, А. Н. (1970). Motivation and Personality (2nd ed.) Harper & Row.
McClelland, D. C. (1985). Human motivation. Foresman.
Moorman, R. H. (1993). The influence of cognitive and affective based job satisfaction measures on the relationship between satisfaction and organizational citizenship behavior. Human Relations, 46(6), 759–776. https://doi.org/10.1177/001872679304600604
Motsna, S., & Bayer, O. (2019) The Specifics of the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Efficacy Evaluation of Representatives of «Person – Technics» Group of Professions. Problems of modern psychology, 43, 167-186. https://doi.org/10.32626/2227-6246.2019-43.167-186
Oates, W. (1971). Confessions of a workaholic: The facts about work addiction. World.
Polunina, O. V. (2009). Passion for work and professional burnout: features of interrelations. Psychological Journal, 27(2), 73–85.
Porter, G. (1996). Organizational impact of workaholism: Suggestions for researching the negative outcomes of excessive work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1), 70–84. https://doi.org/10.1037/1076-89188.8.131.52
Renn, R. W., & Vandenberg, R. J. (1995). The critical psychological states: An underrepresented component in job characteristics model research. Journal of Management, 21(2), 279–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/0149-2063(95)90059-4
Robinson, B. E. (2000). Workaholism: Bridging the gap between workplace, soci-ocultural, and family research. Journal of Employment Counseling, 37(1), 31–47. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1920.2000.tb01024.x
Ryff, C. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 719–727. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-35184.108.40.2069
Schultz, D., & Schultz, S. E. (2003). Psychology and work (8th ed). Piter.
Shebanova, V. I., & Didenko, H. O. (2018). Coping-behavior in modern psychological researches. Problems of Modern Psychology: Collection of research papers of Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University, 39, 368-379.
Solomanidina, T. O., & Solomanidin, V. G. (2016). Motivation and stimulation of labor activity. Yurayt Publishing House.
Spector, P. E. (1985). Measurement of human service staff satisfaction: Develop-ment of the Job Satisfaction Survey. American Journal of Community Psychology, 13(6), 693–713. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00929796
Spector, P. E. (1997). Job Satisfaction: аpplication, Assessment, Causes and Consequences. Sage.
Starodubtsev, V. V, & Starodubtsev, N. M. (2005). A study of the impact of job satisfaction factors on unemployment. Scientific works of Kirovograd National Technical University. Economic sciences, 7(1), 231-236. http://dspace.kntu.kr.ua/jspui/handle/123456789/3256
Statt, D. (2004). The Routledge Dictionary of Business Management. Routledge Publishing.
Taris, T. W., Geurts, S. A. E., Schaufeli, W. B., Blonk, R. W. B., & Lagerveld, S. E. (2008). All day and all of the night: The relative contribution of two dimensions of workaholism to well-being in self-employed workers. Work & Stress, 22(2), 153–165. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678370701758074
Tekell, J. К. (2008) Affective and cognitive components of job satisfaction: Scale development and initial validiation. Digital Library .https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9024/m2/1/high_res_d/thesis.pdf
Vodopianova, N.E. Psychodiagnostics of stress. Piter.
Vroom, V. (1964). Work and Motivation. John Wiley & Sons.
Weiss, H. M. (2002). Deconstructing job satisfaction: Separating evaluations, beliefs and affective experiences. Human resource management review, 12(2), 173–194.
Zamfir, K. (1983). Job satisfaction. Moscow: Prosveshchenie.
Zdravomyslov, A., & Yadov, V. (2003). Man and his work in the USSR and beyond. Aspect Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 The Authors & LUMEN Publishing House
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant this journalright of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as an earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala Journal has an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs