The Phenomenon of Unreliable Narration in the British Intellectual Prose of the Second Half of the Twentieth Century (Golding, Murdoch)


  • Olha Shapoval Kamianets-Podilskyi Ivan Ohiienko National University, Kamianets-Podilskyi
  • Ivan Bakhov Interregional Academy of Personnel Management
  • Antonina Mosiichuk Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
  • Oksana Kozachyshyna Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
  • Liudmyla Pradivlianna Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubynskyi State Pedagogical University
  • Nataliia Malashchuk-Vyshnevska Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsiubinskyi State Pedagogical University



Narration, narrative, percentage of unreliability, view of the narrator, markers, extradiegetic, intradiegetic, metadiegetic


The article is devoted to the consideration the problem of the phenomenon of an unreliable narration in the British intellectual prose of the second half of the twentieth century (Golding, Murdoch). The meaning of the words “narrator”, “unreliable narration” is investigated. The unreliable narration is reviewed based on the example of the novel “Rites of Passage” by Golding (1980). It is noted that the aforementioned work has a vibrant didactic component. It has been found that Golding uses a wide range of narrative techniques. The emphasis is made on the critical analysis by other literary scholars of the novel “Rites of Passage” by Golding. The use of narrative strategies in accordance with the scientific classification by Genette (1980) is investigated. The markers of unreliability of the narrators are emphasized. Attention is focused on the fact that a high degree of unreliability is based on the limited knowledge of the heroes, direct participation in the events, a problematic system of values. It is noted that the unreliability of narration in the novel “Rites of Passage” by Golding forces the reader to doubt not only the narrator but oneself. The use of the narrative method in the intellectual prose of the British writer Iris Murdoch is investi-gated. It has been found that the novel “The Black Prince” by Iris Murdock (2006) is one of the best examples of an unreliable narration. The genre specifics of the novel are emphasized, which combines the forms of the diary, of the memoir and of the confession. In addition, Murdoch creates a narrative strategy, which combines signs of various forms of “I am the narrator” within the framework of one narrative. In addition, “The Black Prince” is a unique model of modern artistic and philosophical metatext genre formation.


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How to Cite

Shapoval, O., Bakhov, I., Mosiichuk, A., Kozachyshyna, O., Pradivlianna, L., & Malashchuk-Vyshnevska, N. (2022). The Phenomenon of Unreliable Narration in the British Intellectual Prose of the Second Half of the Twentieth Century (Golding, Murdoch). Postmodern Openings, 13(2), 273-286.



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