The Future of Social Dialogue in the Age of Artificial Intelligence


  • Viorel Rotila Professor PhD, Dunarea de Jos University from Galati; Center for Social Research and Development "Solidaritatea", Galati



social dialogue, the future of work, cybernetic unionism, online protests, labour relations.


The survival of social dialogue depends on the extent of the social changes, being conditioned by the maintenance of the labour relations and by the models of representation of trade union type. Uncertainties regarding the future of work are automatically transformed into uncertainties regarding the future of trade unionism and social dialogue. Work is a type of social relationship that has significantly contributed to who we are. We can assume that as long as humanity lasts, work will exist (not necessarily with its present significance). We consider that the fate of social dialogue is linked to the future of trade unionism. Unions try to defend a model of balance needed within a specific type of social relations called labour relations. In order for the unions to have chances of survival (and, together with them, the social dialogue as well) these must embrace change, orientating it in the directions appropriate to their purpose. We use the phrase cyber-unionism because the main recommended way is the involvement of the unions in the use and development of AI, respectively of the new technologies and of the specific research. The overall solution: a reform of trade unionism based on a new ideology and the increase of power as a result of the use of new technologies. The scenarios proposed in this article go beyond an obvious limit: they explore the possibilities of evolution of the society using possible solutions in order to meet our current goals.

Author Biography

Viorel Rotila, Professor PhD, Dunarea de Jos University from Galati; Center for Social Research and Development "Solidaritatea", Galati

Prof. univ. dr.

Dep. Istorie, Filosofie ?i Sociologie


Bostrom, N. (2014). Superintelligence: Paths, dangers, strategies. New York, USA: Oxford University Press.

Cacioppo, J. T., & Patrick, W. (2008). Loneliness: Human nature and the need for social connection. New York, USA: W.W. Norton Co.

Chu, A. C., Cozzi, G., & Furukawa, Y. (2016), Unions, innovation and crosscountry wage inequality. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, 64, 104-118. doi:10.1016/j.jedc.2015.12.004

Freeman, R. B., & Medoff, J. L. (1985). What do unionale do. Industrial and Labor Relation Review, 38(2), 244-263. doi:10.1177/001979398503800410

Harari, Y. N. (2016). Homo deus. A brief history of tomorrow. New York, USA: Random House.

Harari, Y. N. (2018). 21 lessons for the 21st century. London, UK: Jonathan Cape.

Hyman, R. (2015). Three scenarios for industrial relations in Europe. International Labour Review, 154(1). 5-14. doi:10.1111/j.1564-913x.2015.00221.x

Kang, S. Y. (2019, September 2019). To build the workforce of the future, we need to revolutionize how we learn, World Economic Forum. Retrieved from

Kelly, G., & Tomlinson, D. (2016). The future of trade unionism and the next generation. In N. Tyrone (Ed.), What is the future of trade unionism in Britain. Northants, UK: Corby.

Keune, M. (2015). Shaping the future of industrial relations in the EU: Ideas, paradoxes and drivers of change. International Labour Review, 154(1), 47-56. doi:10.1111/j.1564-913x.2015.00225.x

Kirby, P. (2016). What do we need trade unions for? In N. Tyrone (Ed.), What is the future of trade unionism in Britain. Northants, UK: Corby.

Nowak, P. (2015). The past and future of trade unionism. Employee Relations, 37(6), 683 – 691. doi:10.1108/er-04-2015-0064

Standing, G. (2011). The precariat: The new dangerous class. London, UK: Bloomsbury.

Standing, G. (2018). The precariat: Today’s transformative class? Great Transition Initiative. Retrieved from

Tait, C. (2017). Future unions. Towards a membership renaissance in the private sector. London, UK: Fabian Society. Retrieved from

Taleb, N. N. (2018). Skin in the game: Hidden asymmetries in daily life. New York, USA: Random House.

Taylor, R. (2001). The future of employment relations. Swindon, UK: Economic and Social Research Council, Polaris Hous.

Tegmark, M. (2017). Life 3.0: Being human in the age of artificial intelligence. New York, USA: Alfred A. Knopf.

Rotilă, V. (2018). The predictions on the future of labour are not grounded; Some arguments for a bayesian approach. Postmodern Openings, 9(3), 36-63. doi:10.18662/po/35

Schnabel, C., & Wagner, J. (1994). Industrial relations and trade union effects on innovation in Germany. Labour, 8(3), 489-504. doi:10.1111/j.1467- 9914.1994.tb00173.x

Yudkowsky, E. (2004). Coherent extrapolated volition. San Francisco, USA: The Singularity Institute. Retrieved from

Zweig, D. (2015). Invisibles: The power of anonymous work in an age of relentless selfPromotion. New York, USA: Penguin Random House.




How to Cite

Rotila, V. (2019). The Future of Social Dialogue in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Postmodern Openings, 10(3), 151-189.



Theoretical articles

Publish your work at the Scientific Publishing House LUMEN

It easy with us: publish now your work, novel, research, proceeding at Lumen Scientific Publishing House

Send your manuscript right now